LST-959, Class – Tank Landing Ship

  • Laid down, 6 October 1944, at Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard, Inc., Hingham, MA.
  • Launched, 4 November 1944.
  • Commissioned USS LST-959, 29 November 1944.

 

During World War II LST-959 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific theater and participated in following campaigns:

  • Okinawa Gunto operation
  • Assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto, June 1945

 

Following World War II LST-959 performed occupation duty in the Far East and saw service in China until mid May 1946. Decommissioned, 13 June 1946. Struck from the Naval Register, 3 July 1946. Final Disposition, stripped and destroyed, 10 June 1948, at Subic Bay, The Philippines.

Specifications: (as reported by Office of Naval Intelligence-1945)

  • Displacement: 1,625 t. (lt), 4,080 t. (fl) (sea-going draft w/1,675 t. load)
  • Length: 328 ft. o.a.
  • Beam: 50 ft.
  • Speed: 12 kts. (max)
  • Endurance: 24,000 miles at 9 kts. while displacing 3,960 t.
  • Boats: 2 LCVP.

 

Draft:

  • Light – 2′ 4″ fwd, 7′ 6″ aft.
  • Sea-going – 8′ 3″ fwd, 14′ 1″ aft.
  • Landing – 3′ 11″ fwd, 9′ 10″ aft. (landing w/500 t. load)

 

Complement:

7 officers, 104 enlisted.

Troop Accommodations:

16 officers, 147 enlisted.

Cargo Capacity: (varied with mission – payloads between 1,600 t. and 1,900 t.)

Typical loads: One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck. Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting.

Armament:

Varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout World War II. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was:

  •   2 Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors.
  •   4 Single 40MM gun mounts.
  • 12 Single 20MM gun mounts.

 

Propulsion:

Two General Motors 12-567, 900 hp diesel engines, two shafts, twin rudders.

 
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